Understanding Arizona Personal Injury Law: What You Need to Know

March 8 2023

In Arizona, personal injury law is governed by its state statutes and case law. To learn more, you can contact a qualified attorney with experience in handling personal injury cases in Arizona.

Arizona Personal Injury Statute

Arizona Personal Injury Statute is a set of laws that govern the consequences and remedies available to individuals who have been injured in Arizona due to the negligence or fault of another. According to the Arizona Civil Code § 12-651, when someone has been injured as a result of a civil wrong committed by another person, entity, or organization, they have the right to file a personal injury claim against the responsible party.

Within this statute, it is important to understand that all personal injury cases are based on negligence. Negligence can be defined as someone’s failure to act with a certain degree of care, resulting in an unintentional harm caused to another person. This includes situations where:

1) A professional did not demonstrate their duty of care when providing a service

2) A manufacturer failed to provide warnings regarding a dangerous product

3) A company failed to put in place proper safety measures

4) An individual failed to respond quickly enough in order to prevent injury or harm

5) An individual who was operating machinery or equipment did so without exercising caution.

Essentially, this means that in order for someone to be found liable for a personal injury suffered by another person, they must have acted negligently or recklessly towards them. To prove liability, the plaintiff must demonstrate that there was likely some corrosive behavior on behalf of the defendant and that this led to their own injury or loss.

The debate surrounding personal injury law arises when discussing whether or not its regulations are truly beneficial and fair for both parties involved. On one hand, some argue that these rules are necessary in order for victims to receive the compensation they deserve after suffering from negligence or misconduct from another person. However, others contend that because plaintiffs can often exaggerate their injuries in an attempt to receive larger settlements, the law does more harm than good by allowing for unfair outcomes. Both sides make valid points and should be taken into consideration when determining if Arizona’s personal injury statute is beneficial overall.

Now that we have provided an overview understanding of Arizona Personal Injury law, let us now take a closer look at its details with an Overview of the Law.

Overview of the Law

In Arizona, personal injury law is centered around negligence law. This means that an individual is held responsible for any damages caused by their carelessness, recklessness, or failure to act properly in certain situations. In order to prove a claim of negligence and receive compensation, the injured party must establish that the other party had a duty to act with reasonable care, they breached that duty of care, and the breach ultimately caused physical harm or financial loss.

On one side of the debate, some individuals point out potential slippery slopes if there are not limits placed on compensation for personal injury claims. Furthermore, some believe that negligence laws can be abused when claimants exaggerate their harms in order to gain more money from the defendant.

On the flipside, others emphasize how important it is for individuals to be held accountable for their actions and protect those who have been wrongfully injured. They often argue that if defendants do not have to be held responsible after injuring another person, then no one will be dissuaded from irresponsible behavior.

Regardless of where individuals stand on this debate, it is important to understand the basics of personal injury law in Arizona and what needs to be proven in order to succeed on a claim for compensation. Now that we have a better understanding of personal injury law in Arizona and its relation to negligence laws, let us pivot our focus and turn towards examining specific types of personal injury claims in detail in the next section.

  • According to Arizona state law, personal injury victims have up to two years from the date of the accident/ incident to sue for compensation.
  • In Arizona, individuals who experience a personal injury must prove that the other party’s negligence was a direct cause of their harm or injuries.
  • Authored by Arizona’s Supreme Court, a court ruling known as “pure comparative negligence” allows plaintiffs in Arizona to sue the defendants even if they were partially at fault.

Types of Personal Injury Claims

When it comes to types of personal injury claims, there are a variety of different causes of action that may be taken depending on the circumstances of the case. Generally speaking, these claims fall under three main classifications: negligence, strict liability, and intentional torts.

Negligence-based claims involve a situation where someone has been injured due to another person’s carelessness or recklessness. When establishing negligence, a plaintiff must prove four essential elements: duty of care, breach of duty, causation, and damages. In Arizona, the state recognizes various degrees of fault when determining responsibility for assigning negligence.

Strict liability claims do not typically require the plaintiff to demonstrate a lack of duty of care or awareness by the defendant. Instead, they focus on whether or not an injury or damage occurred as a direct result of an action by the defendant. These types of claims are common in cases involving faulty or defective products and livestock.

Intentional tort claims involve one party intentionally causing harm to another through their actions or words. Intentional torts can include assault and battery, emotional distress, false imprisonment, defamation and more. It’s important to note that in order to file an intentional tort claim, the plaintiff must have suffered an injury or other damages as part of their claim.

No matter which type of personal injury claim is being filed – negligence-based, strict liability-based or intentional tort-based – plaintiffs must prove their damages with objective evidence in order to receive damages from the court. It is also important for plaintiffs to understand how different types of damages can factor into their case before moving forward with filing a claim. The next section will explore various types of damages including economic and non-economic losses as related to personal injury law in Arizona.

Types of Damages

When someone suffers a personal injury in Arizona, they may be able to seek compensation from the at-fault party for their damages. Damages refer to any losses suffered as a result of the injury, whether physical or psychological. There are two main types of damages that can be pursued in most personal injury claims: economic and non-economic damages.

Economic damages refer to any financial losses suffered by the injured party, such as medical expenses, lost wages, and property damage. These are relatively straightforward to calculate and quantify because there is usually an exact figure associated with them. Because these types of damages focus on losses that have a tangible financial value attached to them, it is often easier for plaintiffs to recover economic damages.

Non-economic damages compensate an injured person for intangible losses they sustained due to their injury. This includes physical pain and suffering, loss of enjoyment of life, and emotional distress. Because non-economic damages do not have an exact dollar amount assigned to them, measurements for calculating them can vary significantly. This makes it difficult for some juries to accurately determine how much a plaintiff deserves for non-economic damages and the amount can sometimes vary wildly depending on the court; however, these types of damage awards can be substantial in cases where an injured person’s life has been drastically altered by the injury they suffered.

Now that we have looked at the two main types of damages that are available in Arizona personal injury claims, let’s turn our attention in the next section towards what constitutes negligence under Arizona law and its importance in establishing liability in these cases.

What is Negligence?

Negligence is an important concept in personal injury law. It refers to a failure to exercise reasonable care that results in harm to someone else. To be considered legal negligence, there must have been a duty of care owed by the individual or organization that caused the injury, a breach of that duty, and damages resulting from the breach.

In many cases, negligence can be established through circumstantial evidence when there is no clear explanation for how the accident occurred. In such situations, the court may look to the history of both parties and draw inferences about the most likely cause. For example, if an accident occurred on a particular road where one party was driving recklessly and another was speeding, the court may infer that the reckless driver’s negligence was responsible for the collision.

Arguments can also arise when attempting to establish who had a duty of care and whether it was satisfied. In such cases, each side typically hires their own expert witness to give testimony as to what is reasonable under the circumstances. In addition, courts will look at industry standards and practices prescribed by government regulations when determining if there were any violations that amount to negligence.

Finally, when evaluating damages caused by negligence, courts are required to consider not only actual cost items such as medical bills but also potential ones like lost future earnings or reputation damage suffered by the plaintiff.

When attempting to prove negligence in Arizona personal injury cases, understanding all elements of this concept is essential for success. The next section of this article will explore the process of making a claim for damages resulting from an incident involving negligence.

The Process of Making a Claim

Bringing a claim for personal injury in Arizona can seem like a daunting process. To ensure a successful outcome from your personal injury claim, it is essential to understand the basics of the steps involved and the timeline for each step. Making a personal injury claim typically involves the following three stages: evaluating the case, establishing negligence, and filing a lawsuit.

When evaluating a personal injury claim, the details of the incident must be gathered and examined. This may involve collecting medical records, communication with witnesses and gathering evidence such as photographs, videos, accident reports or police reports. Additionally, an evaluation of potential losses that have occurred due to the incident must be undertaken in order to determine financial compensation needed.

The second stage of making a personal injury claim is determining that negligent behavior led to the injuries sustained by all parties involved except an individual’s own negligence or lack of carelessness. All parts need to be considered when proving negligence – duty, breach of duty, causation and damages. This process can be complicated but with proper legal representation this determination can be accurately established and quickly resolved.

The third stage of a personal injury claim is filing a lawsuit against liable parties on behalf of the injured person. This process involves preparing all important documents such as complaint letters which include facts about the accident or incident, describing details about what happened and requesting investigation from responsible parties that goes beyond what responding parties are obligated to do by law. In cases where an insurance company or other governments entity are liable for a personal injury event then additional steps may need to be taken such as filing an administrative claim before litigation too place.

While making a personal injury claim can be overwhelming it is worth persevering through all stages to receive fair compensation for any loss suffered. Although not every case progresses through court proceedings almost all claims are eventually resolved either before or after filing suit via negotiation or settlement agreements with affording parties. With clear understanding of all stages in the process and assistance from experienced attorneys, most claimants will find success in their pursuit of rightful restitution following a personal injury event in Arizona.

Now that you understand the process of making a claim it’s important to find an attorney who has extensive experience dealing with Arizona Personal Injury Law. In our next section we’ll discuss how to go about finding an attorney who can best serve your needs in these types of cases.

Finding an Attorney

Having the assistance and advice of an experienced personal injury lawyer can be invaluable in obtaining the best possible outcome from a personal injury claim. Before hiring one, it is important to do extensive research and vet potential lawyers carefully.

The most important factor when researching attorneys is experience. Attorneys should specialize in personal injury cases and have extensive knowledge of Arizona-specific personal injury law. Additionally, doing reference checks on any attorneys you’re considering is essential. It is important to keep an open dialogue with any prospective attorneys and ensure they’re willing to be clear and upfront throughout your case proceedings.

Another thing to consider when looking for an attorney is who will actually be handling your case. Some law firms may bring in inexperienced lawyers to review documents, while having senior partners make decisions and handle court proceedings. Ensure you know who will actually represent you in court or during settlement negotiations, prior to making a decision.

Finally, it’s also important to consider costs and fees when seeking an attorney. Different firms may have different payment structures, so ask potential attorneys about their fees before making a decision. Many attorneys also offer discounted rates for cases that don’t require process service or court appearances, so ask about those options as well if applicable.

It is often wise to talk to a few different attorneys prior to taking action in Arizona personal injury law matters and decide which one provides the best value for you. With proper vetting and research, victims can in many instances secure legal representation that can help them receive the compensation they deserve.

As a claimant navigates their way through the nuances of Arizona personal injury law, entering the court proceedings is the next step towards achieving justice.

Entering Court Proceedings

Arizona personal injury victims may choose to take their case to court in order to seek a settlement. A complaint is filed in the court and the process begins. In some cases, legal disputes can be solved through mediation services or arbitration hearings before escalating to court proceedings. When bringing a personal injury case to trial, it is important for claimants to know their rights and understand how decisions are made in the court process.

When defendants enter into legal proceedings, they may receive an appeal from all sides including the plaintiff and defendants’ insurance companies. Throughout this process, attorneys must be involved and both parties will present relevant evidence such as medical records, witness testimonies, financial documents and other evidence that may prove liability for a claim. Both parties will usually try to come to an agreement on their own terms. If no agreement can be reached, settlement discussions are terminated and the case proceeds to trial in court.

During trial proceedings, a jury of jurors is selected by attorneys representing both sides of the dispute and takes part in deciding if liability is determined or not. They have the power to make decisions on liability, damages, defense arguments and other matters depending on the circumstances surrounding the case. The burden of proof rests with the plaintiff in establishing that the defendant was responsible for the injuries received. If a plaintiff delivers sufficient evidence linking an agreed upon cause of injury or harm suffered, then they must be compensated accordingly by defendants or their insurer depending on whether liability was determined or not.

The decision by either a judge or jury is detailed through written opinions which can influence how future cases similar to yours may be adjudicated. Ultimately it is up to each party to determine if they want to settle outside of court or let justice run its course by taking it to trial where anything can happen depending on all factors presented throughout litigation.

Leading into Next Section: With understanding how court proceedings work in Arizona personal injury law, there are several ways claimants can maximize their recovery when seeking compensation from another party.

Ways to Maximize Your Recovery

Accidents involving personal injury in Arizona can be overwhelming. Affected parties have to consider their legal rights and options, the impact of the accident on their lives, and the manner in which they should seek recovery. Therefore, it is hugely important to make sure you maximize your recovery when engaging with numerous aspects of personal injury law in Arizona.

One way to maximize recovery as an injured party is by acting quickly. A victim must timely notify insurance companies or any other parties responsible for the accident of their claims. Statutes of limitations will limit a person’s ability to file a claim if they wait too long. As a result, it is essential to start proceedings as soon as possible. Additionally, as soon as a claimant becomes aware that they are likely going to need legal assistance they should consult experienced attorneys who can provide specific advice related to personal injury claims from Arizona law.

Another strategy for maximized recovery is gathering evidence before filing an official case. Plaintiffs must put forward certain types of evidence for injuries and damages including medical records, photographs of the incident or its aftermath, police reports, witness statements and more. The quality and quantity of this evidence significantly impacts the value of a personal injury claim and therefore having an abundance proves useful in maximizing outcomes.

However, despite taking these steps toward recovering compensation victims sometimes must confront arbitrary challenges from insurance companies or other organizations attempting to reduce payouts or reject easy/clear cases altogether. In these situations plaintiffs have to push back with thorough documentation, strong legal arguments and aggressive advocacy when necessary in order to protect their claim and receive full compensation.

By understanding Arizona’s statutes of limitation, promptly seeking appropriate legal counsel, gathering comprehensive evidence, and confidently advocating for yourself throughout the proceedings you can help ensure you maximize your recovery after encountering a personal injury incident in Arizona.

Conclusion: This section has outlined various ways claimants can help ensure they maximize their recovery while engaging with Arizona personal injury law and now it is time to consider how these rules come together to form conclusions about particular incidents.


When it comes to personal injury law in Arizona, understanding your rights as an injured party is essential. Understanding the statutes of limitations and what needs to be proven can help ensure that you get the compensation you deserve. Additionally, knowing how an insurance company may use the law to try and limit its liability can help ensure better negotiations.

In the end, it is important for both those that are injured and for those that may be liable for an injury to be aware of their rights under Arizona personal injury law. By understanding this code, both sides can come to more informed decisions which can ultimately save time and money.

An informed approach can also eliminate situations where a witness may become confused or misinformed about his rights, or somebody may be taken advantage of due to a lack of knowledge. Ultimately, everyone should have access to the same legal resources so they may adequately protect their interests with respect to injuries.

Frequently Asked Questions and Explanations

What are the time limits for filing personal injury claims in Arizona?

The time limits for filing personal injury claims in Arizona are outlined in the state’s statute of limitations. Generally speaking, individuals must file their claim within two years of the date of injury or death. In cases involving medical malpractice, children under 18 must bring a claim within one year of the incident or the date when they reach adulthood (age 18), whichever is later. In wrongful death cases, the family has two years from the date of death to file suit.

It’s important to note that these limits begin to run immediately after an injury occurs; waiting too long can mean forfeiting your legal rights, so it’s important to consult with an attorney as soon as possible after an accident. Additionally, because each case is unique and certain circumstances may affect the statute of limitations timeframe, you should always confirm with a qualified lawyer prior to filing your complaint.

Are there any additional requirements for filing a personal injury claim in Arizona?

Yes, there are additional requirements for filing a personal injury claim in Arizona. First, you must be able to prove that the defendant was negligent and at fault for your injuries. This means that you must show that the defendant owed you a certain level of care but failed in some way to meet that standard, resulting in your injuries. You also need to make sure that you file your claim within the two-year statute of limitations, as any claims filed after this period will not be allowed. Additionally, if your injuries resulted in medical bills or other expenses, you must provide evidence of those costs to the court in order to be reimbursed by the defendant. Ultimately, it is important to consider all these requirements before filing your claim so that you can maximize your chances of success in court.

What types of damages can be recovered through a personal injury claim in Arizona?

In Arizona, damages that can be recovered through a personal injury claim are generally divided into two categories: economic and non-economic damages. Economic damages refer to out-of-pocket expenses that result from an accident or injury, such as medical bills and lost wages. Non-economic damages refer to losses that are not easily quantified and lack a tangible value, such as pain and suffering and loss of enjoyment of life.

Both economic and non-economic damages can be recovered through a personal injury claim in Arizona. By filing such a claim, injured individuals may be eligible to receive compensation for past and future medical expenses, as well as income lost due to their injuries. They can also recover compensation for the physical pain and emotional suffering that they experienced during their recovery process. In addition, injured individuals may also be eligible to receive punitive damages if the defendant’s actions were particularly egregious.

In sum, potential damages that may be recovered through a personal injury claim in Arizona can include medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, loss of enjoyment of life, and even punitive damages in cases of extreme negligence or recklessness.