Navigating North Dakota Personal Injury Law: What You Need to Know

March 8 2023

Depending on the type of injury and circumstances, personal injury laws in North Dakota may involve negligence, product liability, wrongful death and other causes. It is important to consult with an experienced attorney to determine the best course of action for your particular case.

What is North Dakota Personal Injury Law?

North Dakota personal injury law covers civil claims related to physical or mental injuries brought on by someone else’s negligence or misconduct. If someone’s careless behavior causes harm to another person, they may be liable in a personal injury lawsuit and held responsible for their victim’s medical bills, lost wages, and other damages. North Dakota is an at-fault state when it comes to personal injury cases, which means that the negligent party is responsible for compensating the injured party.

When it comes to negligence cases in North Dakota, there are two sides of the argument as to how much of a role the fault of the plaintiff plays in determining liability: strict liability and comparative negligence. Strict liability dictates that if a defendant is found to be negligent in any way then they must pay damages, regardless of whether that negligence played a role in causing the plaintiff’s injury. Comparative negligence takes into account the level of responsibility each side had in causing an accident when determining liability; if a plaintiff is deemed to be more than 50 percent responsible for causing their own injury, then they will not be able to collect any damages from the defendant.

In addition to a civil lawsuit against the at-fault party, victims can also rely on their own insurance under North Dakota personal injury laws. Personal Injury Protection (PIP) insurance is required for all North Dakotans who purchase auto insurance, which provides basic coverage regardless of who was at fault in an accident.

No matter which route a victim pursues after an accident, navigating North Dakota personal injury law can be intimidating without professional legal guidance. In the following section we will explore some common causes of personal injury cases in North Dakota and what steps you should take if you find yourself in need of legal help.

  • In North Dakota, personal injury cases must be filed within 6 years from the date of the accident.
  • According to North Dakota law, victims in personal injury cases can recover damages from any responsible parties, including medical professionals or employers.
  • In North Dakota, a surviving spouse or family members of victim can bring a wrongful death claim for cases involving fatal injuries.

Causes of Personal Injury in North Dakota

In North Dakota, personal injury victims typically experience some form of physical or psychological damage due to someone else’s negligence which can be fairly easy or challenging to prove in court depending on the circumstances. Such cases may involve automobile or trucking accidents, medical malpractice, slips and falls, product liability and many other forms of negligence. Taking into account both sides of the argument, causes of personal injury cases in North Dakota generally involve several factors beyond simply negligence including an element of carelessness and inability for an individual to take sufficient precautions to prevent injury.

When these factors are at play and one party is injured as a result of another’s actions, that individual may have grounds for a legal case. Commonly accepted evidence used in such cases may include medical bills, witness testimony and police records (in the case of car accidents), among others. Understanding how each component plays a role in a personal injury case is very important when seeking full compensation for related damages.

Ultimately, whatever led up to a personal injury case can make all the difference when attempting to claim damages. From establishing fault, proving negligence and determining liability through careful examination of all existing evidence, it is essential for North Dakota personal injury victims to understand their rights and possible legal pathways when dealing with an instance of wrong-doing. With this information in hand, looking ahead towards recovering losses can begin.

Now that we’ve seen the necessary components behind causes of personal injury cases within North Dakota law, let’s turn our focus towards recovery for victims in the next section.

Recovery for North Dakota Personal Injury Victims

If you have been injured in an accident due to another person’s negligence or recklessness, you can take legal action to recover compensation for any damages you’ve suffered. Taking these steps not only holds people accountable for their actions, but it also puts a financial value on the losses and injuries endured by victims. Common types of recovery compensation include medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and property damage.

In most cases individuals are allowed to recover both economic and non-economic damages for their injury related losses. Economic damages typically cover out of pocket costs such as medical bills, lost wages, and property damage associated with your injury. Non-economic damages provide compensation for intangible losses like pain and suffering, mental anguish, emotional distress, loss of enjoyment of life and any other physical injury or disability that has been sustained by an individual.

It is important to understand there are different limits on what can be recovered in a personal injury case depending on the type of lawsuit being filed and the governing laws of North Dakota state. Generally speaking, punitive damages may also be recovered in certain circumstances when an injury was caused intentionally. Punitive damages serve to punish a defendant who acted with malice or a conscious disregard for others’ wellbeing.

When determining the size of settlement to seek for a personal injury case, it’s important to consider all available sources of recovery. Although each case is unique, taking into account all possible sources of recovery will lead to a fairer evaluation — benefiting both plaintiff and defendant alike. The primary goal of navigating North Dakota personal injury law is to make sure that victims receive fair compensation for the injuries they have suffered.

Now that we have reviewed recovery for North Dakota personal injury victims, let’s delve further into the topic by examining the types of personal injury damages in the following section.

Types of Personal Injury Damages

When a person suffers a personal injury in North Dakota, they may be entitled to pursue financial compensation for the harm they have suffered. This form of compensation, known as damages, can come in two forms: compensatory and punitive.

Compensatory damages are designed to “make one whole again” after an injury or accident that has caused physical, emotional or financial harm. These damages are intended to provide enough money to cover the costs associated with one’s recovery from their injuries, such as medical bills, lost wages and even pain and suffering. In some cases, punitive damages may also be available which seeks to punish the wrongdoer who inflicted said harm. Punitive damages are rarer than compensatory but may be awarded if the court finds that the wrongdoer acted particularly recklessly or with malicious intent.

It is important to remember that when seeking financial damages for a personal injury claim in North Dakota you must prove that someone else’s negligence or wrongful act caused your injuries. Without being able to do so successfully you likely will not be able to receive any sort of compensation.

Seeking recovery for North Dakota personal injury claims can come with great risk and uncertainty. Understanding how legal liability plays a role in meeting those needs is key to navigating these claims successfully. Now let’s turn our focus towards legal liability in North Dakota personal injury cases and what it means for potential claimants.

Legal Liability for North Dakota Personal Injuries

When it comes to determining legal liability for North Dakota personal injuries, the state operates using a concept of comparative negligence. Under this system, individuals are accountable for their own actions or inaction when it comes to causing an accident or injury. In other words, anyone who contributes to creating the conditions which cause or lead to an accident is held partially responsible for that injury or harm. This means that even if a victim contributes in some way, they may still be able to receive damages from the party most liable for those damages.

On one hand, comparative negligence makes it easier to get compensation when an individual has been wronged due to another’s negligence. It allows victims to hold parties responsible had they seen something coming and taken action to prevent it. On the other hand, this system also works against victims in certain cases as it can be used by defendants to reduce their liability and shift some of the blame onto plaintiffs.

Ultimately, legal responsibility in these cases will depend on the particular facts and circumstances surrounding a claim. For example, if two parties are negligent but one more than the other, that party may only be granted a portion of their award based on the other party’s comparative negligence. It is important for both victims and defendants to seek competent legal counsel familiar with North Dakota law in order to fully understand their rights and obligations under this statute.

Having explored legal liability for North Dakota personal injuries, we now move on to delving further into negligence and fault in North Dakota personal injury law.

Negligence and Fault in North Dakota

Negligence and fault are central concepts in North Dakota personal injury law. In order to establish an individual’s claim for injury, they must prove that negligence has occurred. Generally, negligence occurs when an individual owes a duty to another individual that is not fulfilled due to carelessness, recklessness, or a failure to act with reasonable care. Many times, fault is attached to negligence; however, it should be noted that fault is not required in order for a person to pursue an injury claim in North Dakota.

In cases of negligence where fault is applicable, the pursued parties can use various defenses to show that the plaintiff is actually responsible for their own injuries. For example, comparative fault (apportioning responsibility) allows the defense to argue that both sides are at fault for some degree of the injured victim’s damages. Alternatively, the defendant may contest why they have been named as liable in the plaintiff’s lawsuit by citing contributory negligence—which posits the idea that even if a person was partially negligent, their recovery should be denied if their conduct was an active contributor to their own injuries. Ultimately, these complex questions of legal blame are determined by experienced attorneys and court decisions.

Understanding fault and negligence as it applies to North Dakota personal injury law is a crucial step when navigating potential claims. Now that we have covered key issues related to fault and negligence in North Dakota personal injury law , we will outline the process of filing a personal injury suit in North Dakota.

The North Dakota Personal Injury Lawsuit Process

The North Dakota Personal Injury Lawsuit Process is a complicated process, outlined by the state’s statutes and respective court systems. This article will review the steps necessary for filing a lawsuit in North Dakota and will offer guidelines for those considering such legal action.

Determining Eligibility: The first step in the North Dakota personal injury lawsuit process is determining eligibility requirements and ensuring that all applicable regulations are followed. An individual seeking to file a personal injury lawsuit must meet certain criteria in order to do so, including liability and damages requirements. Liability refers to the degree of how an individual was responsible (or negligence) for causing the injury, while damages refer to the amount of compensation being sought in the claim.

Filing a Complaint: Once eligibility has been established, an individual must then file their complaint in court or with the relevant governing body. Complaints must contain specific elements in order to remain valid, such as the basis of liability and proof of damages sustained. In addition to supporting documents, individuals may be required to appear at a hearing prior to having their case heard before a judge.

Filing Opposing Motion/Settlement: Once a complaint has been filed, either party can then file a motion in response or seek to negotiate a settlement agreement out of court. If these attempts fail then legal proceedings may continue. During this time both parties can conduct discovery, such as requesting documents from one another or taking sworn testimony from any involved persons related to the case. It should be noted that settlements have many advantages over trial proceedings, from cost savings to expedited resolution times.

Trial & Judgment: If no agreement is reached then preparation for trial must be made which generally includes pre-trial hearings as well as jury selection processes if applicable. During trial each side presents its evidence, cross-examines witnesses, and makes opening/closing statements based on its arguments. Once each side has provided its best case scenario then it is up to the jury (or judge if applicable) to make its decision.

Appeals: Depending on the outcome of the judgement either party may wish to appeal either in favor or against the ruling(s). Appeals must be lodged within specific time frames and any appeal process may include additional hearings depending on local laws governing such matters.

Hiring a lawyer in North Dakota can assist individuals throughout every stage of this complex legal process. From developing strategies for low-risk settlements out of court to gathering evidence for use during trial proceedings, having legal representation can prove invaluable when navigating North Dakota’s Personal Injury Laws. The following section will examine what factors should be taken into consideration when hiring a lawyer for your case…

Hiring a Lawyer in North Dakota

Hiring a lawyer in North Dakota is an important decision that should be made with great care. Having a knowledgeable lawyer on your side when filing a personal injury lawsuit or insurance claim can be critical to receiving fair compensation for the harm you have suffered. A lawyer will understand the finer details of North Dakota personal injury law and how it applies to your case, conduct research on applicable damages, negotiate with insurance companies and opposing counsel, and represent you during any legal proceedings.

When looking for an attorney, consider their experience handling claims like yours, availability, communication methods, willingness to handle litigation if necessary, grasp of applicable laws and regulations, as well as any additional services they might provide. It is also important to ask potential attorneys about their fees so that you know what to expect throughout the course of your legal representation.

However, hiring an attorney does not necessarily mean pursuing litigation. Working with an experienced lawyer allows you to make informed decisions on what is best for your case and circumstances. An attorney may recommend alternative dispute resolution methods such as mediation or arbitration instead of courtroom appearances. Your lawyer can also provide advicet on whether settling out of court would be more beneficial than pursing a trial in some cases.

No matter what type of legal advice is being sought, it is important to hire an attorney who works for your best interests and puts the needs of his or her clients first above all else. After considering the advantages and disadvantages of hiring an attorney in North Dakota, those who decide to pursue this route can feel confident knowing they are taking measures to protect their financial and legal rights after suffering a personal injury due to negligence or recklessness.

Now that we have discussed the importance of hiring a lawyer in North Dakota when filing a personal injury claim or lawsuit, let’s move on and explore further into North Dakota Personal Injury Insurance Claims in the next section.

North Dakota Personal Injury Insurance Claims

Under North Dakota law, personal injury insurance claims are permitted for a variety of injuries. Generally speaking, these types of insurance claims allow for reimbursement for damages related to physical injuries sustained because of the negligence or intentional act of another party. The range of possible compensation offered through such a claim is broad and may include economic losses, such as medical bills and lost wages, as well as non-economic losses, including pain and suffering.

There is some debate amongst legal experts over whether or not an individual should pursue a personal injury claim in lieu of or in addition to wrongful death proceedings. Those in favor of pursuing a claim point out that it allows the injured party to seek compensation before the innocent parties entire family has had to suffer the ultimate loss and upheaval associated with an untimely death. On the other hand, opponents of this pathway argue that engaging in a personal injury claim adds time and expense to the legal process for all parties involved. Ultimately, this decision should be discussed with an experienced North Dakota attorney who will best be able to explain all options available based on the unique facts surrounding each case.

Conclusion: Regardless of your decision on whether or not to pursue a personal injury claim, it is important to understand the ins and outs of the North Dakota state laws governing this area of law before moving forward. The following section provides helpful guidance on how to navigate the legal system when considering a personal injury action in North Dakota.


The legal landscape that governs North Dakota personal injury laws can be complex and confusing, but it is important to understand these laws in order to protect yourself and your rights. Although the basics of North Dakota personal injury law are relatively straightforward, common sense will only get you so far. Knowing when to seek the advice of a professional who is knowledgeable in the field is crucial. It is important to understand that the concept of liability, which is essential for determining a party’s responsibility for an accident, can be subject to interpretation and thus should be thoroughly evaluated with the counsel of a legal professional. Additionally, it is also important to note that damages available in a personal injury case can vary from state to state and depending on individual circumstances, making consulting an expert imperative. Understanding North Dakota’s personal injury laws will enable plaintiffs to make informed decisions about their cases and make sure their rights are protected.

Frequently Asked Questions

What types of personal injury are recognized by North Dakota law?

In North Dakota, the types of personal injury that are recognized by law include physical injuries (such as broken bones, lacerations, concussions or internal organ damage) and emotional injuries (such as depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress disorder). In cases involving physical injury, damages may be sought for medical bills and related costs, wages lost due to lack of ability to work, pain and suffering, and even punitive damages in certain cases. When seeking compensation for an emotional injury, damages may be sought for psychological counseling fees and medications necessary to mitigate symptoms. Additionally, depending on the circumstances of a case, victims may also be able to pursue damages for loss of consortium (inability to enjoy companionship with a spouse or family member due to injury), and other non-economic losses such as embarrassment or trauma.

Are there any restrictions on the amount of damages that can be sought in a personal injury case in North Dakota?

Yes, there are restrictions on the amount of damages that can be sought in a personal injury case in North Dakota. The state has enacted legislation establishing limits on certain kinds of damages and awards, such as pain and suffering, mental anguish, and punitive damages. For instance, North Dakota Civil Code § 32-03.2-02(3) limits recovery of non-economic damages to $500,000 or three times the economic damages if greater than $500,000. Additionally, punitive damages in North Dakota are limited by statute to a fixed amount which is determined by the jury. Ultimately, it is important for plaintiffs to understand what types of damages are available for them to pursue when filing a personal injury lawsuit in North Dakota.

What is the statues of limitation for personal injury cases in North Dakota?

The statute of limitations for personal injury cases in North Dakota is six years from the date of the incident that caused the injury. This means that a person injured as a result of someone else’s negligence has up to six years—from the date of their injury—to file a lawsuit against the responsible party.

However, this time period can shorted in some cases, such as those involving minors or those involving injuries caused by governmental entities like the state, county, or city. If a minor was injured, the statutes of limitation does not start until they turn 18—giving them an extra few years to file a lawsuit if necessary. Additionally, individuals injured by public governmental entities have just two years to bring a claim.

It’s important to note, however, that court costs and medical bills must be paid before the expiration of the statute of limitations or else they may no longer be eligible for compensation. Therefore, consulting with an experienced personal injury attorney and taking swift action are your best options for recovering any damages you may be owed after an accident.